Peganum harmala L.
Latin (Botanical) name: Peganum harmala L.
Common name: Harmala, Harmal, Harmel, Haramlaan, Haremlaan, Ghalqit ed-deeb.
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE R. Br. Stipules not spiny. Fruit unarmed. Leaves irregularly cleft, capsule 3-valved. PEGANUM L. Glabrous plant with numerous herbaceous forked-corymbose stems from a shrubby base. Leaves irregularly dissected with acute linear lobes. Flowers terminal, large, white. Fruit a 3-valved loculicidal capsule. PEGANUM HARMALA L.: Forming dark-green clumps, 50-100 cm. high. Perianth 5-fid, sepals narrowly linear, often dentate, as long as 10-12 mm. long petals ; stamens 12-15. (Per.)
Source: STUDENTSí FLORA OF EGYPT second edition, by VIVI TÄCKHOLM, D. Sc. (Stockholm) Professor of Systematic Botany, Faculty of Science, Cairo University. Published by Cairo University. Printed by COOPERATIVE PRINTING COMPANY Beirut, 1974.
Propagation: Fruits (seeds), annual herb commercially or perennial shrub in Upper Egypt.
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